Philosophy literally means your set of ideas and beliefs with regards to a set subject or activity, basically your priorities in life. Every good coach should develop a good coaching philosophy. Why? Good coaching philosophy will get coaches well organized and focus. If for example a coach keeps emphasizing on team work, rebounding, passing the ball and playing the right way, thisis what the athletes will adapt to and talk about. The more the athletes talk about what they have learned, the more it becomes engrainedin them. It is very important for coaches to explain to the team at the start of the basketball season about his/hercoaching philosophy and why it is appropriate for players to adapt to this philosophy. For example, coaches should let players know why being a team player on and off the court is as crucial as winning a game. Emphasize his/her ideas on areas where he/she wants to focus on; which are team spirit, passing the ball, rebounding and playing the right way. Etc.
Coaches should set few objectives; most coaches are so caught up in winning and practicing plays that they forget the importance of having the right coaching philosophy and teaching young athletes the basic skills of basketball. A good coaching philosophy will lead to good coach objectives and results. Most coaches make the mistake of emphasizing on the wrong objectives or emphasizing too many objectives. These mistakes lead to poor results and sometimes lead to frustration of not accomplishing anything at all.A good coach should not make more than five or six objectives and should focus on those objectives wisely. Everything may seem important but emphasizing on too many things will lead to many mistakes and frustrations.
A coaching philosophy is crucial on every level of coaching. It clarifies the coach's mind on essential aspects of his/her coaching. It also helps clarify the details for the athletes and their parents and lets them know what is expected from everyone involved. By having this information available from the beginning of a season it will help alleviate possible future problems and help keep the coach on a clearly defined path.
How coaches decide what to do?
First, you should ask yourself
- Why do I need to coach?
- What are my coaching goals and objectives?
- What are the most important objectives I need to focus on to improve myathletes?
- What do I want my athletes to get out of this experience?
- What does my team need to do to be both successful and have FUN?
Plan ideas and write down on paper and distribute some of your ideas and philosophies to your athletes and let them see your vision and what they need to achieve. You can start listing your objectives as follows: Athletes focus, Teamwork, Rebounding, Defense, Playing the right way, etc.
Most importantly, your coaching philosophy, which is pretty much your priorities in life, should include things like basketball should be FUN for everyone; athletes should learn new and better skills; camaraderie(spirit of friendly good-fellowship), helping the athletes to win, most athletes want to win, make basketball fun and teaching young athletes life skills .Bear in mind that these priorities might not be your priorities but should guide you as to what things you should be thinking about when planning your coaching philosophy. For example some havechosen their coaching philosophy as being; God, Family, School and Basketball, yours can be anything you chose it to be, no matter what your philosophy is make sure the it includes athletes having fun.
Coaches' style of Coaching
Coaching Style is basically how coaches convey his/her message to the athletes being trained. This can be done in various ways as follows:
Directive – also known as autocratic style – telling
- The coach decides on what to do
- Defines what to do and how to do it.
Sharing – Democratic style
- Outline the training requirements to the athletes
- Invites ideas/suggestions from the athletes
- Makes decision based on the athletes' suggestions
- Defines what to do and how to do it
Visual learning = look, watch, show, demonstrate, observe, imagine
Auditory learning = hear, sound, repeat
Kinesthetic = perform, execute, try, feel, touch, move
Visual – film, videos, pictures, chalkboard, notes, playbook, imagery, write, statistics, list, checklist viewing, charts, cards, reading, quotes, schedules, handouts, demonstration
Auditory – tapes, talk to others, lecture, cue words, encourage, listening, discussing, self-talk, repeat, listen and respond, narrative video, music, team meeting, guest speaker
Kinesthetic – take notes, study, associate with world, examples, role play, activities, doing, move the athlete through the skill, goal setting.